South Korea introduced policy support "isolated youth"



China Youth Daily · Zhongqing.com reporter Wang Zi

"(Young people) worked hard,hot news but became exhausted, and no longer had a sense of challenge." South Korea's "Korean National Daily" wrote, "You need to accumulate social experience, why choose to rest?"

The Korean National Daily quoted a survey by the South Korean Department of Statistics recently that the country's unemployment rate has fallen to a low level and employment has increased.However, in this "warm wind", 4.9%of young people have given up employment or postponed employment and choose "rest".Among them, there are both high -quality positions, and some young people's "fear" of society: they resign because they cannot adapt to the workplace, and live a life of isolation and low desire.

"Universal youth" has become a topic of stabbing Korean society.

"Except for family members who live in the same work and people who are in contact with work, they basically do not communicate with others; they have no objects to ask for help when they encounter difficulties." Such people are defined as "isolated people" in South Korea.The report released by the Korean Institute of Health Social Sciences in May this year shows that in 2021, 5%of the country aged 19 to 34 is "isolated youth", which is significantly improved from 2019 (3.1%).

Since November this year, many South Korean departments have released surveys on the population of young people, and many data have turned on red lights.The Yonhap News Agency quoted the "Damage of the 2023" report from the Korean Centers for Disease Management, saying that damage such as suicide has become the number one death cause of the people of 15 to 44 -year -olds in South Korea: In 2022, one of the two young and middle -aged deceased was one.He died due to accidents or suicide; the number of self -harm, suicide caused by nearly 5 times the number of falls or wounds, and nearly 4 times the number of traffic accident deaths.The Korean Institute of Health Socials warned that the "isolated youth" happiness was very low, and only 16.3%of them felt "very satisfied" or "some satisfaction" of life, and society needs to recognize its vulnerability.The report of the South Korean Department of Statistics shows that the country's unmarried youths increased by 6.5 percentage points from 5 years ago to 81.5%. The proportion of one -person households has continued to rise since 2000. In the next 30 years, the number of young people in South Korea is expectedIn the year, the country will have only more than 5 million youths.

According to recent information released by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the number of people treated in the country due to mental illness increased from 2.89 million in 2015 to 4.11 million in 2021, an increase of 42.2%in 6 years.The "Han National Daily" said that among young groups in the 20s and 30 years old, the proportion of patients with mental illness has increased rapidly.From 2018 to 2022, the number of depression in South Korea has nearly doubled.The South Korean Police Department said that if mental illness was not treated in time, he might cause suicide or harm others.In the past 10 years, the proportion of criminals with mental illness has increased by 86.3%.

In the second half of the last century, South Korea's economy developed rapidly and ranked among rich countries.Under the appearance of prosperity, competition in work, life, and family environment is becoming more and more intense, and mental health has become a worry -free but difficult topic.

Saros Nagal, a special writer of the American Academic Journal "Harvard International Review", pointed out that among the members of the economic cooperation and development organization, South Korea's suicide rate is the highest, which is many reasons.In South Korea, discussions about mental health are still taboos, and the medical community has not achieved the expected results of psychological health.The survey shows that as many as 95%of Koreans think they are under great pressure, but only 20%of people seek mental health services during depression.Nearly 75%of Korean elderly people believe that suffering from mental illness is a weak manifestation.

"In the past 20 years, (depression), such a shocking national disease, worsen every year," Nagal wrote.

Social "volume" is very powerful, young people are in difficulty in searching, housing in the capital area is tight, alcohol use rates are continuously rising ... Under huge pressure, the psychological health crisis is frequent, and the immigration rate of Koreans has also greatly improved.Many young people are cynical, and often show their "dungeon" in the future.

South Korea's "Asian Economy" reported that a few years ago, young people in the country were once popular among young people.The "young mystery photo" raised activity was launched on social media, and the "Youth Photo Photo Museum" appeared offline.People wrote a suicide note while reviewing their lives, and then took the "heritage" with their beloved items.Some people are solemn, and some people do ghosts.A photographer told "Asia Economy" that young people believe that reality is too cold and life is too tired. They want to "charge" themselves in this way.Some people suddenly realized that death was not far away after his death. He hoped to choose the "last image" left to the world by himself, instead of using the zoom in a photo.Some people said that after writing suicide books and taking photos, Yuman gave birth to the feeling of "it seems to die tomorrow". As a result, he felt the "power of life" more truthfully, and he wanted to cherish the people around him.

Nagal pointed out that young people's depression and isolation created "dark cliffs" for Korean society, but the government did not seem to realize its seriousness before.The burden of improving the people's understanding of mental health has been left to private groups and non -profit organizations, and their ability is very limited.

A series of pessimistic survey data forced the government to face the problem.South Korean Prime Minister Han Dezhi hosted the meeting on December 13 and announced the "isolation and hidden youth support plan".This is the first time South Korea has introduced cross -departmental countermeasures on this issue.According to the Yonhap News Agency, starting from 2024, South Korea will set up a one -stop window to help "isolated youth" at any time; the Ministry of Health and Welfare will launch a self -service diagnostic evaluation system and provide assistance through the youth projects; the newly established youth future center centerTailoring aid programs will be tailored for those with demand; college student volunteer service groups will find young people who are in crisis in the online community.In addition to providing interview services such as psychological counseling and formulating social relations plans, the government also plans to provide assistance to "isolated youth" in diet, housing, housework, and employment.

South Korea's "South Korea Herald" stated that in order to reduce the suicide rate of its country to the average level of the OECD, South Korea will launch a comprehensive suicide prevention policy.Since July 2024, 16 million people including students, office workers, social welfare facilities and medical institutions have obliged to receive suicide education, including signs of mental health abnormalities and help methods.Starting from 2025, young people aged 20 to 34 will receive national mental health checks every two years.In the future, this inspection will expand to all ages.